Limited to 15 guests | Days: 1
As days are very short in winter and it gets dark already at about 4 pm and also hiking is difficult because of snow and ice, from December to March we offer you a perfect solution which includes both Derinkuyu underground city and most local highlights.
• Göreme panorama
• Derinkuyu underground city
• Pigeon valley viewpoint
• Çavuşin village
As days are short in winter, the tour starts at 10.00 from our office after a cup of morning coffee or tea and finishes at about 4 pm. We pick you up from your hotel in Göreme at 9.40 – 9.45 or 9.30 from Ürgüp or Uçhisar.
The first stop is at Göreme panorama, the best place to admire the beautiful fairy-chimneys below. The most magnificent landscape around Göreme has been formed from solidified lava streams, ash and tuff stone of volcanic eruptions millions of years ago. The stunning landscape of Cappadocia is the result of thousands of years of continual erosion, which has shaped the tuff deposits into the strangest pyramids and cones. The guide gives you information about how the landscape was formed and the history of Cappadocia.
Then you visit Derinkuyu, the deepest underground city in the area, which is approximately 85 meters deep and has 16 floors, 8 of which you can see during your guided tour. It was used to hide Christians during enemy attacks in the 5th to 10th centuries. The city was built around 8th century BC, it could accommodate about 20 000 people and had all the usual amenities found in other underground complexes across Cappadocia, such as wine and oil presses, stables, cellars, storage rooms, refectories, and chapels.
Next you stop at Pigeon valley viewpoint, which has hundreds of old pigeon houses cut into the rock in the past. Throughout centuries farmers have used pigeon droppings as a fertilizer for their crops.
After lunch you go to the village of Çavuşin. The old part of the village was abandoned in the 1950s due to numerous rock-falls caused by erosion. You can also see the famous basilica of St. John the Baptist, cut into the cliffs above the old village, built in the 5th century.
Then you go to the ancient town of Avanos, which was called Venessa in the old times. It overlooks the longest river in Turkey, the Kızılırmak (Red River), which separates Avanos from the rest of Cappadocia. The most famous historical feature of Avanos, which is still relevant and prominent today, is its production of earthenware products. The ceramic trade in this district and its countless pottery factories date back to the Hittites. The ceramic clay from the red silt of the Kızılırmak has always been used. You can watch the potters at work using the kick wheel, a technique that has never changed over generations. Later you can try making your own pottery.
The last stop is in Paşabağ, where highly remarkable mushroom-shaped rock formations can be seen, in the middle of a vineyard, hence the name of the place which means ‘Pasha’s vineyard’. ‘Pasha’ means ‘general’, a military rank, in Turkish. This sight is also called Monks’ Valley. The name has come from some high tuff stone columns which stand apart, looking like monks.
The tour finishes with a cup of tea, apple tea or coffee in our office and after that we take you back to your hotel.
• This tour is guaranteed in December, January and February.
• This tour has a maximum of 15 people per group.
Services included in the price
• Pickup from and dropoff to your hotel in Göreme, Ürgüp or Uçhisar
• Transport in a comfortable, AC, non-smoking minivan
• Professional, experienced and licensed local guide
• Entry fees to the museums and sights listed in the itinerary
Services not included in the price
• Beverages at lunch
• Non-mandatory but customary tips
• Personal travel insurance